The Christian People's Party of Peru - A Reference Guide
The Christian People's Party (in Spanish: Partido Popular Cristiano) is a right-wing political party based on Christian Democracy. It was founded in 1966 by a group of Peruvian Christian Democracy (in Spanish: Democracia Social Cristiana) dissidents, led by Luis Bedoya Reyes 

It is the third oldest active party in Peru, trailing to the Peruvian Aprista Party (in Spanish: Partido Aprista Peruano) and Popular Action (in Spanish: Accion Popular). In 2000 its inscription was renewed, and it became part of National Unity (in Spanish: Unidad Nacional), albeit not in a permanent basis. 

Leaders of the party have included Mario Polar Ugarteche, Roberto Ramirez del Villar, Ernesto Alayza Grundy, Felipe Osterling Parodi, and Alberto Borea Odria.


History of the Organization
The party was founded in December 18th 1966 by a group of members of the Democracia Cristiana party that defected by ideological motifs. While their former party supported a constitutional break to accelerate the reforms needed by the country, the founders of the PPC, led by Luis Bedoya Reyes still believed in the constitutional order. Thus they retired from Democracia Cristiana and founded the new party.

In 1968, General Juan Velasco Alvarado staged a coup against President Fernando Belaúnde Terry, an ally of Luis Bedoya Reyes. The PPC didn't support the military regime and was one of its most fierce opponents, along with the Partido Aprista. The latest was declared illegal.

In 1979 the government of General Francisco Morales Bermúdez called for elections for a Constituent Assembly. The PPC attained the second place in the polls, after the Partido Aprista Peruano. Bedoya Reyes, widely preferred by the Assembly members to become its President, gave the position to the veteran APRA leader, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre.

Luis Bedoya Reyes ran as the PPC's candidate for President in the General Elections of 1980, with Ernesto Alayza and Roberto Ramírez del Villar as First Vice-president and Second Vice-president. Despite Bedoya finishing in the third place, the PPC got six Senators elected, as well as some deputies.

During the elections, the PPC allied with the soon-to-be elected President Fernando Belaúnde Terry, from Acció n Popular. The PPC-Alianza Popular coalition gave Belaúnde the majority in the Senate and in the Deputies Chamber. The coalition also designated four PPC members as Ministers, including its leader Bedoya Reyes and Felipe Osterling Parodi.

For the General Elections of 1985, the coalition with Acció n Popular was finished, and thus, both parties presented separate candidates. Bedoya Reyes finished in third again, trailing behind Alfonso Barrantes Lingán. During Alan García's government, the PPC criticised the heterodox economic model designed by the Partido Aprista.

The PPC had only a few members in both chambers. Its most important representatives were Felipe Osterling Parodi in the Senate and Javier Bedoya de Vivanco -son of the founder of the PPC- in the Deputies Chamber. When Alan García sought to take control of private banking, Luis Bedoya Reyes and Lourdes Flores Nano rallied in the streets against the proposal. They were joined in the manifestations by the famous Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa. The movement did stop the government from passing the polemical Law.

In 1990 the PPC enters a liberal coalition with Acció n Popular and Mario Vargas Llosa's Movimiento Libertad (Liberty Movement), forming the Frente Democrático FREDEMO (Democratic Front), which launched Vargas Llosa as a candidate for the Presidency. Although he didn't get elected, the coalition's participation in the Deputies Chamber was a success: it got 25 representatives, attaining the majority, including Javier Bedoya de Vivanco, one of the most voted deputies nationwide.

The PPC held the Presidency of the Senate under Felipe Osterling Parodi's leadership when, in 1992, Alberto Fujimori staged a self-coup Self-coup, dissolving both Chambers of the Congress, neutralising the FREDEMO and the Partido Aprista.

Fujimori held polls to elect a Democratic Constituent Congress, where his party, Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría, got an absolute majority. The PPC was divided between those who wanted to be part of the elections and those who didn't want to. Amongst those who didn't want to participate where Natale Amprimo, Alberto Borea Odría and Alberto Andrade Carmona, arguing that the PPC shouldn't be part of a non-democratic process. In the other hand, Luis Bedoya Reyes, Lourdes Flores and Xavier Barró n contended that the PPC should present itself to guarantee democracy in the Constituent Congress. The decision of being part of the elections led to the resignations of Amprimo, Borea Odría and Andrade Carmona. The PPC was the second most-voted party, but it was far behind of Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría.

In the General Elections of 1995, the PPC nominated Lourdes Flores as its candidate for President, but in the end she resigned to support Javier Pérez de Cuéllar's candidacy. Fujimori won without a run-off and the PPC only got the seventh place in the elections for Congressmen .

When Alberto Fujimori wanted to run for a third period in the General Elections of 1995, he was strongly opposed by the PPC. Congressmen Xavier Barró n, Antero Flores Aráoz and Lourdes Flores proposed a law project that gave way to a referendum, where the people could decide whether Fujimori could participate in the elections. The Congress, controlled by Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría didn't let the Law pass. After the proposal of the law, the National Jury of Elections withdrew the PPC's inscription as a party, so it couldn't present candidates for the Congress. Because of that, Alejandro Toledo's Perú Posible party decides to support the PPC, including Xavier Barró n and Antero Flores Aráoz as guests in its list for the Congress. Both them got elected as Congressmen.

In 2001, during the interim government of Acció n Popular's Valentín Paniagua, the PPC recouped its inscription. It became part of a political coalition with Renovació n Nacional and Cambio Radical, named Unidad Nacional (National Unity). The alliance's candidate for President was Lourdes Flores, who achieved the third place by a narrow margin.

In 2006 the Unidad Nacional coalition continued, maintaining Lourdes Flores as its candidate. She didn't pass to the round-off, again for a narrow margin, and again trailing behind Alan García, who would become Peru's President for a second time.


Luis Bedoya Reyes
Luis Bedoya Reyes was a Peruvian politician in the late 1960's. He was the mayor of Lima from 1964 to 1969. He is also a former Minister of Justice and a Member of Congress.
Felipe Osterling Parodi
Felipe Osterling Parodi was president of the Peruvian Senate from 1991 to 1992.


Interesting health facts about Peru 

Health Information
Health has always been a concern for the people of the Peruvian nation. In the first part of the 1990s the country experienced a widespread cholera epidemic. The rampant disease exposed many of the problems that existed with the country's current health care program. Several studies were made to review the health statistics of the country which revealed that Peru is quite vulnerable to disease. What is even worse is the country has not had the adequate resources to combat disease. 

Most of the health facilities -- and even the best ones -- were concentrated in the city of Lima. Other health strongholds were found in other principal coastal cities. However, the rest of the country suffered with the lack of quality facilities. 

In many parts of Peru there is only one doctor for every few thousand inhabitants. Some areas only have one doctor for as many as 12,000 people. With these types of medical resources, the country has struggled to provide proper healthcare for its people. 

Another area of concern is the lack of possible water and proper sewer systems. This has caused the population to be exposed to a wide variety of waterborne illnesses. The leading causes of death included many infectious diseases. The principle illnesses have been respiratory infections. 

Please use the menu on the left to see more in-depth information on some of the other diseases found in Peru. 


Interesting facts about Peru 

A Fact Guide
Peru is the 27th largest country in the entire world. It spans a total of 1,285,216 sq-km. Given the total area of the country it makes it comparable to the size of the US state of Alaska. 

The population of Peru ranks slightly less with 29.5 million people. This makes Peru the 41st and most populated country in the world. The population is estimated to grow at about 1.23% per year. The current life expectancies at birth are 68 years for males as well is 72 years for females. 

There are five countries that border Peru. Bolivia to the south east, Brazil to the east, Chile to the south, Columbia to the northeast, and Ecuador to the northwest. 

Surprisingly, Peru has a varied climate throughout the country. The eastern areas of the country, near Brazil, tend to be tropical. In the West, however, you will encounter a lot of dry desert. And in the area down south near the Andes mountain range you can find frigid temperatures. 

The lowest point in the country of Peru is the Pacific Ocean at sea level. The highest point is the Nevado Huascaran Mountain at 6768 m. 

Perl is rich in metal resources such as copper, silver, and gold. Other natural resources include petroleum, timber, coal, and natural gas. 

Some of the most common natural hazards of the country include earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, and some mild volcanic activity. 

The Roman Catholic religion is the largest in the country at 81%. Evangelicals follow closely at 12%. 

The official language of Peru is Spanish. However, most people do not know the Peru hosts a second official language: the Quechua language. The the country also has a number of minor Amazonian languages mixed into their population. 92% of all individuals aged 15 and over can read and write in Peru. Most students in Peru attend school for a total of 14 years. Peru spends about 2.5% of their GDP on education initiatives.